In September 2000, the Amsterdam Stock Exchange merged with the Brussels Stock Exchange and the Paris Stock Exchange and formed a joint company called Euronext, currently known as Euronext Amsterdam.
The Amsterdam Stock Exchange is considered the oldest in the world. It was founded in 1602 by the Dutch East India Company, was later renamed to the Amsterdam Stock Exchange and the first started trading securities. In the history of exchanges great importance was the Amsterdam Commodity Exchange, which arose in 1608 on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange. It was first introduced on trade samples and specimens of goods, and later were set quality standards for goods, which allowed to trade on the stock exchange without presentation of the product itself.
The Amsterdam Stock Exchange was the first exchange on which were held securities transactions. Trade was conducted by government bonds of Holland, England, Portugal, the shares of the Dutch and British East India, and later – the West Indian trading companies. Total on this exchange are traded securities of 44 items.
As of 31 January 2006, all markets under the control of Euronext had a total capitalization of 2.9 trillion U.S. dollars, making it the fifth in the ranking of the largest exchanges in the world. In addition to shares and derivatives, Euronext group of companies provides also financial information and clearing services.